Run Linux Nginx On Windows Server Insider and WSL

In this blog post, I’ll show you how to use the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) and run Linux commands, tools and application directory on Windows Server 2016.

To show you how powerful WSL is, I’ll Install the Nginx Web Server and run it In a matter of minutes.

Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL)

Announced at Build 2017 and currently only available on Windows Server Insider builds, The Windows Subsystem for Linux allows developers run Linux command-line tools, applications, and utilities directly on Windows Server without using a virtual machine, Containers, etc.

To run WSL you don’t even need to Install the Hyper-V roles, WSL works natively on Windows Server as a Server Role.

Prerequisites

Windows Server 2016 Insider Build (16215+)

Deploy WSL

To get started, with WSL, I recommend you disable the Firewall on the Server because Nginx needs port 80 to be open.

Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain, Public,Private -Enabled false

To check your Windows Insider build number run the cmdlet below (you will also notice that Windows Insider uses new colors In the PowerShell window)

systeminfo | Select-String "^OS Name","^OS Version"

To Install the WSL role, Run the cmdlet below and restart the Server when completed

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux

When the server comes online, Download the Ubuntu Server build using the cmdlet below.

Note: You can also use OpenSUSE (https://aka.ms/wsl-opensuse-42) or SLES (https://aka.ms/wsl-sles-12) just change the link below.

Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://aka.ms/wsl-ubuntu-1604 -OutFile ~/Ubuntu.zip -UseBasicParsing

Once download, unzip the build using the cmdlet below:

Expand-Archive .\Ubuntu.zip c:\ubuntu

Below you can see the files

To run Ubuntu simply run the line below from the Ubuntu folder

.\ubuntu.exe

The first thing you will be asked to do is to create a Unix user account, Make sure the user is not the same as your windows account

To exit the WSL, type exit and to enter it again run the .EXE file again

Note: You could download the Linux Command Line Guide I have written back In 2013 for this post.

Install Nginx

To install Nginx Web Server, enter WSL and run the update command below to patch Ubuntu first.

Apt-get update

To Install Nginx run

apt-get install Nginx

And to start it after Installation run

sudo /etc/init.d/nginx start

 

 

 

To view, edit the Nginx configuration file go to the configuration folder from WSL

cd /etc/nginx/

Final Review

There is no doubt the WSL will make it so much easier for Windows admins use Linux for testing, development or just run tools that are not available on Windows Server.

In the past getting Linux configured was an annoying task because you had to setup a full VM and configure it with IP, DNS, etc.

WSL takes all the overhead and allows you to run Linux on Windows In the easiest, clean and supported way.

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